How To Build A Gazebo Roof

How To Build A Gazebo Roof

How would you describe your style? Is it modern or classic? Traditional or contemporary? Or maybe something else entirely?

Gazebos come in a variety of styles, shapes, sizes, and materials. They can be built from wood, metal, concrete, stone, glass, or even plastic. The type of material used depends on the intended purpose of the structure. For example, a wooden gazebo might be suitable for outdoor entertaining or a large indoor space.

To create a beautiful gazebo, you’ll need to consider several things. First, decide whether you want a freestanding or attached gazebo. Then choose between a flat or pitched roof. Next, determine the size and shape of the structure. Finally, select the materials you’d like to use.

Once you know what you are looking for, then you can start to build. In this guide, we are going to go through step by step how to build a gazebo roof. 

What Is A Gazebo?

A gazebo is a structure that provides shelter from the elements. It is usually made of wood and can be used for many purposes, including as an outdoor dining area or to hold parties. There is a range of shapes that gazebos can come in: square, hexagonal, or rectangular.

Gazebos can often be made the focal point of your garden depending on the placement and design. 

The main purpose of a gazebo is not only to give you a private space within your garden, but also a place of shelter. The purpose for which you want to use your gazebo means you can customize them to be private and enclosed or open to fit your purpose. 

What Are The Uses Of A Gazebo? 

Gazebos can be used for a variety of reasons. Here are just some of them:

Outdoor Dining Space

Gazebos are a perfect way to have an outdoor dining space that is functional in different weather conditions. You can enjoy al fresco meals with friends and family while being protected from rain and wind.

Garden Parties

Thinking of hosting a garden party? Well, then a gazebo has you covered. Literally. With a gazebo, there’s no need to worry about where to set up tables and chairs. Instead, you can simply put them under the gazebo. This makes it easier to move around the garden.

Hot Tub Cover

There is nothing quite like using your hot tub when it is snowing, although having the snowflakes fall on you can be a bit of a strange experience when in a hot tub. If you have a gazebo over the hot tub, you’ve got a covered area where you can enjoy the hot tub all year round. 


If you live near other houses, you may find yourself wanting more privacy than you currently do. That’s why a gazebo could be a great option for you. You can enjoy the outdoors without worrying about anyone seeing you. So even if you don’t have a specific event in mind, using a gazebo for pure privacy is a good enough reason to make one. 

How To Build A Gazebo Roof

So now that we know some uses of gazebos, you might have noticed a pattern in these reasons. A gazebo provides shelter. So in order to have shelter with a gazebo that you can leave up all year around, it needs a good roof.

We are going to look at how to build a rectangle roof. You might need to adjust the measurements of the materials you will need in order to build it the size you want.  Here’s how to build a rectangle gazebo roof.



Here are the materials you will need in order to build your gazebo roof.

For The Top Ridge

  • A piece of 2×6 lumber that is 97.75 inches in length
  • 2 pieces of 2×4 that are 77.25 inches in length

For The Rafters

  • 4 pieces of 2×4 lumber that are 32 inches in length. 
  • 4 pieces of lumber 54.50 inches. The ends need to be cut at 45 degrees on both sides.
  • 10 pieces of 2×4 lumber that are 98 inches. 
  • 4 pieces of lumber that are 55 inches with the ends of both cut at a 34-degree angle. 

For The Hip Rafters

  • 4 pieces of 2×4 lumber that are 110.50 inches in length. The ends need to be cut at a 28.5-degree angle. 

For The Roofing

  • 600 pieces of asphalt shingles
  • 11 pieces of 4×8 tongue and groove plywood. They would be 3/4 of an inch in terms of depth. 
  • 600 square feet of roofing felt. 
  • Staples


  • Hammer 
  • Tape measurer
  • Safety gloves
  • Screwdriver
  • Framing Square
  • Miter saw
  • Safety glasses
  • Drill machinery
  • Sander
  • Galvanized screws (5 inches)

Step One: Install The Top Ridge

The first step is to install the top ridge. 

For this, you should have three pieces of lumber. The two pieces of 2×4 lumber need to be cut at a 45-degree angle at both ends of each piece. You need to align all three pieces together, so they form the top part of a trapezium. 

Check that it is level. Then drill holes through the lumber so you can put your galvanized screws in place to secure this shape. The screws should be five inches long. This should be fitted onto the rectangular base. 

Step Two: Install The Hip Rafters

Now comes the time to install the hip rafters. You want to attach the hip rafters from the four corners of your rectangular frame to the top ridge. When done properly it will look like a triangle on the short side of the rectangular frame. Make sure your pieces are cut to the correct angle and join them to the top ridge. 

Step Three: Install The Rafters

Now that you’ve got the base of your roof sorted, it is time to fit the rafters all along the top ridge to the rectangular frame. Each rafter should be placed every 24 inches apart. This is so the plywood roof will be able to fit in. 

Make sure all of your pieces of wood are cut at the correct angle. This part might take a bit of adjusting. The length of each piece of lumber will vary as they need to touch the top of the frame and the rectangular base. Screw all the rafters into place to secure them.

At this point, you should have two triangle shapes on the short sides of the rectangle frame, and two trapezium shapes. Your roof should start to take its shape at this point. 

Step Four: Put On The Roof Sheets

The next step is to put the plywood roof sheets on. Before you can put on your plywood roof sheets, you’ll need to make sure you know the measurements of each sheet. Lay the plywood flat on the frame and measure the cuts you will need to make. 

Once you have all of your measurements and cuts of plywood ready, screw them into the frame. When this job is done, you will begin to see the shape of your roof. It will be composed of two triangles and two trapeziums. 

When the roof sheets are complete, cover them with the roofing felt. Use staples to secure the roofing felt to the plywood. Then you can put on your roofing trim to make the roof look more professional. 

Step Five: Shingles

The last step is to install the shingles. This makes your roof look like it has been professionally made. In order to do this properly, follow any guides that come with the shingles. You want to make sure you know how many you’ll need and how to fit them before securing them into place.

To secure the asphalt shingles, use roofing tabs. You may need to cut them in order to cover the hip of your roof. If you can see any holes, fill them up with putty and sand them down. 

Final Thoughts

That is how you build a gazebo roof. This gazebo roof is made from wood, so you will need to make sure that the measurements fit your rectangle frame. Essentially, it makes a trapezium-shaped roof to cover your gazebo. 

Hopefully, you found this guide helpful! 



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